According to data released by the China Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Promotion Association in December 2019, the number of public charging stations for electric vehicles (EVs) owned and operated by its members totaled 496,000 units as of November 2019, of which 289,000 were AC charging stations, 206,000 were DC while 488 offered both types of current.
An additional 17,000 public charging stations for EVs were installed during the month of November, a year on year increase of 71%. Between December 2018 and November 2019, the number of public charging stations grew on average by some 17,000 units monthly.
During the first eleven months of 2019, 365,000 charging facilities were installed, a rise of 29.5% compared to the corresponding period of last year. As of the end of November, the number of facilities throughout the country totaled 1.174 million units, up 61.2% on an annual basis.
The public charging infrastructure network remained concentrated, with the cities of Beijing and Shanghai, together with Guangdong, Jiangsu, Shandong, Zhejiang, Anhui, Hebei, Hubei and Fujian provinces, accounting for 74.0% of all such facilities.
In November, charges throughout the country totaled 535 million kWh, up 45 million kWh from the prior month. Buses and passenger vehicles were the big users of the charging facilities, while other types of vehicles such as taxis and sanitation vehicles were light users.
As of November 2019, there were eight Chinese companies that own and operate at least 10,000 EV charging stations in China:
- Qingdao Teld New Energy with 144,000 units
- Star Charge with 112,000 units
- State Grid Corporation of China with 88,000 units
- Jiangsu YKC New Energy Technology with 33,000 units
- EV Power with 25,000 units
- AnYo Charging with 18,000 units
- Potevio with 14,000 units and
- Shenzhen Car Energy Network with 12,000 units.
The eight operators together represented 90.0 % of all stations in operation across the country.
According to the results of a sample survey of about 1.002 million EVs produced by the association’s members who are complete vehicle makers, as of November 2019, 324,000 EVs did not have a charging facility alongside the space where the vehicle is normally parked.
As of November 2019, China was home to 306 battery swapping stations. Beijing ranked first with 126 stations, followed by Guangdong province (63). Fujian (17) and Zhejiang (13) provinces took the third and fourth spots. The two main operators of battery swapping stations in China are Aulton New Energy (183) and NIO (123).