Berlin, November 30, 2010 — Germany’s utility industry believes that the federal government’s objective of having roughly 1 million electric vehicles on the country’s roads by 2020 would not pose any problems for the electricity grid.
This would also ensure better integration of green electricity. Smart meters would make it possible to charge the vehicles’ batteries at times when renewables output exceeds system demand, such as on windy nights.
The vehicles could be powered by green electricity owing to planned increases in the country’s renewables capacity. These are the key findings of the interim report that the National Electromobility Platform’s “Charging Infrastructure and Network Integration Working Group” submitted to the German federal government on November 30, 2010.
The members of the working group expect rapid advances in charging technology. By 2020, cable-free inductive charging and higher-voltage direct-current charging will make charging faster and more convenient. This would make e-mobility more attractive to motorists and increase its applications.
Integrating up to 1 million electric cars by 2020 will generally not be problem for the power grid. Only in cases of a locally high density of electric cars could isolated segments of the grid be overloaded and possibly require upgrading.
Nevertheless, the addition of new load (like electric vehicles) and especially the growth of intermittent generation resources (like renewables) are fundamentally transforming the energy system. Today’s infrastructure can only support this transformation to a limited degree.
The government’s target number of electric cars could easily be powered by renewable-source electricity. One million electric cars would consume at most 2 billion kilowatt-hours of electricity a year.
According to current forecasts of renewables growth, Germany will produce significantly more than 100 billion kWh of green electricity in 2020. Theoretically, this would be enough to supply 50 million electric vehicles.