A report by the G20’s Global Infrastructure Hub finds that rising GDP, population growth and urbanization will create the need for $28 trillion in energy infrastructure investment globally by 2040.
The Global Infrastructure Outlook report predicts a global funding shortfall across all infrastructure sectors of $18 trillion, highlighting the gap between current infrastructure spending trends and what will be required by 2040 as global GDP nearly doubles from 2015 levels and urban populations swell by 46 percent.
The US faces the largest total funding gap globally but the energy sector is actually a relative bright spot. An additional $100 billion is required beyond the investment already, which is a small percentage of the expected total $3.3 trillion need by 2040. Past investment in the US electricity sector has been lower than other high income countries, but evidence also suggests the quality of US energy infrastructure is among the highest of the countries in the report.