WIRES, The Brattle Group
A new analysis commissioned by WIRES shows annual investment in new electric transmission facilities soon could reach $12 billion to $16 billion in the United States, resulting in $30 billion to $40 billion in annual economic activity. This translates into support for 150,000-200,000 new full-time jobs in the U.S. in each of the next 20 years and between 20,000 and 50,000 new jobs each year in Canada.
The study, conducted for WIRES by senior economists at The Brattle Group, an international economic consulting firm experienced in electricity industry matters, finds that expanding and upgrading the grid to meet identifiable economic and reliability needs, as well as state renewable energy mandates, will help drive economic recovery and set the stage for the electric economy of the 21st century. In addition to the employment and downstream economic impacts of transmission manufacturing and construction, investment in needed transmission will support 130,000-250,000 full-time U.S. jobs annually in the emerging renewable energy industry to which transmission capacity is critical.
“This report provides strong evidence that meeting the grid’s challenges, including delivery of power from remote renewable generation to load centers far away, is good for the economy and will help create jobs,” said WIRES President Jolly Hayden, vice president of transmission development at NextEra Energy Resources. “Strengthening the transmission grid will also address major reliability issues, reduce production costs, enhance competition for customers in wholesale power markets, contribute to fuel diversity, and help reduce wholesale power prices. Brattle’s analysis should give policymakers confidence that the benefits will exceed the costs.”
The study’s positive outlook nevertheless is contingent on solving several nettlesome regulatory problems.
“We are not looking to government to do anything but take a fresh look at how the grid is planned, permitted and paid for today under procedures that pre-date the emergence of modern electric generation technology and regional power markets,” Hayden said. “Although transmission investment is on the rise, there is plenty of evidence that good projects are falling victim to duplication and delay, lack of regional coordination and parochial interests. That means the economy suffers, too. If regulatory risk can be diminished, private capital will do the rest. Today, many utilities, developers and technology firms are trying, often in vain, to participate in strengthening our energy infrastructure.”
The Brattle Group analysis suggests that total U.S. transmission investment could reach $240 billion to $320 billion between 2010 and 2030 and that Canadian transmission investments could total C$45 billion through 2030.
The principal authors of the study are Hannes Pfeifenberger, principal, and Delphine Hou, associate, of The Brattle Group.