Erlangen, Germany, February 16, 2012 — In a consortium with the Milan-based cable company Prysmian, Siemens Energy is to build a submarine DC interconnector in the Irish Sea. The order is worth more than $1.4 billion for the consortium.
Customers are the British grid operator National Grid Electricity Transmission and its Scottish counterpart Scottish Power Transmission, which founded the special-purpose joint venture NGET/SPT Upgrades Ltd. for this grid expansion project.
The grid connection between Scotland and England, designed as a low-loss high-voltage direct-current transmission system, will have a rating of 2,200 MW. It will be the first submarine interconnector ever using a DC voltage level of 600 kV.
The highest voltage level used to date was 500 kV. The Western HVDC Link project will provide much needed additional power transmission capacity on Britain’s transmission system as the U.K. heads toward a low carbon economy. The power link will help to balance supply and demand within the grid sections in light of the continued growth of remote and fluctuating renewables. The link is scheduled to be operational by late 2015.
Higher voltage levels in the cables allow higher power transmission capacity with the same diameter of copper in the cable and thus reduce the cost of material used. They also mean lower transmission losses. The total power loss in the link, caused by the two conversions — from AC to DC and back to AC — as well as by the ohmic resistance of the cables will be less than 3 percent.
The consortium comprising Siemens and Prysmian is responsible for turnkey supply of the link. This includes coordination and logistics efforts for cable installation along the 420-km-long route and HVDC converters in Hunterston, Scotland and the Wirral area in North West England.
The 400-kV alternating current used in the transmission grids will be converted into direct current in the Siemens HVDC converter stations. The electric power will be transmitted between these stations at a voltage of ±600 kV via a submarine high-voltage cable supplied by Prysmian and reconverted to AC for further transmission and distribution. The link can transmit energy in both directions, north and south.
High-voltage direct current transmission technology significantly reduces transmission losses. HVDC is the only viable solution for economical, low-loss transmission of power via cable over distances in excess of 80 kilometers, because in an alternating current cable of that length a large part of the electrical energy transmitted would be lost in the form of reactive power.